Part of the Glyn Academies Trust

Nursery- Darwin Class

Curriculum Overview


Wider Curriculum

This term our STEAM focus is Technology and we will be answering the question ‘Can I design and build a structure using my knowledge and understanding of historical periods?’

We will be exploring the following principles within each of the specific areas:



  • Comprehension Engage in extended conversations about stories, 

  •  Learning new vocabulary Word Reading Understand the five key concepts about print: - print has meaning - print can have different purposes -  

  • We read English text from left to right and from top to bottom - the names of the different parts of a book page sequencing 

  •  Develop their phonological awareness, so that they can: - spot and suggest rhymes - count or clap syllables in a word - 

  •  Recognise words with the same initial sound, such as money and mother Writing. 



  •  Select shapes appropriately: flat surfaces for building, a triangular prism for a roof, etc. Combine shapes to make new ones – an arch, a bigger triangle. 

  • Spatial Awareness - In play uses some language to talk about position such as ‘on/in/under’. 

  • Responds to and uses language of position and direction 

  • Understand position through words alone – for example, “The bag is under the table,” – with no pointing. 

  • Uses everyday vocabulary to describe and compare measure (size, weight, capacity and time) 

  • Creates their own spatial patterns showing some organisation or regularity   

  • Begins to recite numbers in order, with some inconsistencies. Attempts to count beyond 4 objects and explores number in play with growing purpose 

  • Begins to recite numbers in order, with some inconsistencies. Attempts to count beyond 4 objects and explores number in play with growing purpose 




Understanding the world 

  • Materials for children to construct their own role play to support developing understanding of strategies for creating strong structures 

  • Story props and prompts linked to repeated refrains to support retelling 

  • Small world characters to support retelling 


Expressive Arts and Design: exploring media and materials 



  • Materials (including, but not limited to, those from the story) for children to construct their own role play to support developing understanding of strengths and weaknesses of different materials. 

  • Children to make model houses inspired by the story, drawing from the adults' models which focussed on secure joins and stable structures. 



Talk through stories:

Our Talk Through Story sessions inspire our children in Nursery. We love exploring new texts and really getting to grips with the story line, identifying the problems, the solutions and becoming familiar with the key characters within each story. This term we will be focusing on: 

  • Goldilocks and the Three Bears (Mara Alperin version) 
  • The Three Little Pigs (Mara Alperin) 
  • The Three Billy Goats Gruff (Mara Alperin) 
  • I’m Going to be an Engineer (Big Dreams for Little People)  
  • My Mummy is an Engineer Jason Bryan and Kerrine Bryan 

The areas of learning and development:

There are seven areas of learning and development in the Early Years Foundation Stage. All areas of learning and development are important and inter-connected.

Three areas are particularly important for building a foundation for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, forming relationships and thriving. These are the prime areas:

Communication and language

The number and quality of the conversations they have with adults and peers throughout the day in a language-rich environment is crucial. By commenting on what children are interested in or doing and echoing back what they say with new vocabulary added, practitioners will build children's language effectively. Reading frequently to children, and engaging them actively in stories, non-fiction, rhymes and poems, and then providing them with extensive opportunities to use and embed new words in a range of contexts, will give children the opportunity to thrive.

Physical development

Physical activity is vital in children’s all-round development, enabling them to pursue happy, healthy and active lives. Gross and fine motor experiences develop incrementally throughout early childhood, starting with sensory explorations and the development of a child’s strength, co-ordination, and positional awareness.

Personal, social and emotional development

PSED is crucial for children to lead healthy and happy lives and is fundamental to their cognitive development. Underpinning their personal development are the important attachments that shape their social world. Strong, warm and supportive relationships with adults enable children to learn how to understand their own feelings and those of others.


Talking with your child:

Research shows speaking, listening, and understanding are central to every aspect of our lives. A child’s later educational success stems from their ability to express their needs, learn how the world works and communicate with others. These websites show short simple videos, such as when to introduce new vocabulary or how to have engaging back and forth conversation with your child.   

Improving oral health

Start good oral health habits from the earliest age with your child to prevent tooth decay. Sadly, it is still a serious problem among young children, with tooth extraction being one of the most common procedures for children under 6 in hospital. Watch this video to learn more about ways to start and support your child’s oral health.

Phonics and early reading

Reading is a vital life skill, children who have stories and rhymes read to them regularly, will have the opportunity to open the doors to so many different worlds. More importantly, reading will give your child the tools to become independent lifelong learners. We can achieve this together through the Read Write Inc program to help your child learn to read fluently.

Encouraging children to develop a love of books by reading to them daily and by giving them access to a wide range of books at home, at school, local library and through online resources such as

Additional guidance for parents.

A parent’s guide as to what to expect in the early years along with a locally developed app, 50 things to do before you’re 5, in Oxfordshire!


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